What is art?

اهمیت هنر در زندگی انسان‌ و بیان احساسات و ارزش‌ها، بهبود فرهنگ و جامعه از طریق هنر، خلاقیت و نقش هنرمندان در تحول و تغییرات تاریخی فرهنگی.
Estimated reading time: 5 minutes

What is art?

Art has been defined in various ways, but in general, it can be described as any creative and idealistic activity created by humans, in which individual creativity and knowledge are used to express or create experiences of beauty, cultural values, philosophical ideas, emotions, and indescribable concepts about the surrounding world. In other words, art is a form of creative expression used to create or express experiences of beauty, values, emotions, and individual and societal thoughts.

Historically, art is recognized as one of the earliest activities of humanity, and we have ample evidence of early arts such as cave wall paintings, decorative designs on pottery, ornamental objects in primitive tribes, and more.

Today, art has flourished and developed widely across the world, encompassing various forms of arts, including painting, sculpture, photography, music, playwriting, cinema, various types of dance and theater, architecture, and more. Art, as one of the most significant components of human culture, has been accompanied by different evaluations and numerous innovations in the 20th and 21st centuries.

Who is an artist?

An artist is recognized as an individual who, within the realm of art, expresses themselves through works that possess cultural, historical, sociological, aesthetic, and evaluative significance, utilizing their expertise, experience, and creativity. Artists can engage in various fields such as painting, music, theater, cinema, illustration, architecture, poetry, writing, and more.

Artists, through their creativity and expertise, have the ability to create experiences of beauty and fascination among their audiences. As such, artists are crucial figures in culture and the development of new and innovative forms of art.

Why do humans need to create art to express their emotions?

Humans need to create art for various reasons, including expressing emotions and connecting with others. In most cases, human emotions cannot be easily expressed verbally, and sometimes we need other means to convey them. In such situations, art serves as a method for expressing emotions and personal experiences.

For example, poets use poetry to express their feelings and thoughts poetically. Painters use images and colors to convey their emotions. Art, as a method for expressing emotions, provides the possibility of creating deeper connections and a shared personal and social experience for individuals.

Expressing emotions and connecting with others is just one of the reasons for the need for art. Art, as a method for expressing personal and social thoughts, creativity, innovation, history, culture, and shared experiences, also plays a significant role.

Art, as one of the fundamental components of culture and civilization, influences individual and societal development, the formation of human values, and the experience of beauty and fascination for individuals and societies.

Does art bring people closer together?

Art helps humans come closer to each other. It also serves as an international language that brings people from different ethnicities, cultures, and languages closer together, fostering understanding and empathy. For example, a work of art can enhance people’s ability to communicate and interact with each other. Additionally, in art exhibitions, individuals from various backgrounds, including artists, scientists, social activists, and the general public, come together, engage in discussions, and exchange ideas. In this environment, people can create a common ground and, in the process, seek commonalities and strengthen interpersonal relationships. For these reasons, art is recognized as a powerful tool for facilitating communication among individuals, bringing them closer together, and enhancing interpersonal relationships in society.

Overall Conclusion About Art.

Art, as one of the most prominent human attributes, expresses human emotions, values, and beliefs through the creativity and experiences of artists, fostering understanding and empathy. Artistic expressions bring people closer to each other, engaging in a process of exchange and sharing of individual, cultural, and societal ideas and values. Art has had a significant impact on the structures of societies and cultures and is given special attention as one of the most important cultural branches.


1. Gombrich, E.H. (1950). The Story of Art. Phaidon Press.
2. Arnheim, R. (1974). Art and Visual Perception: A Psychology of the Creative Eye. University of California Press.
3. Csikszentmihalyi, M. (1990). The Psychology of Optimal Experience. Harper Perennial.
4. Dissanayake, E. (1995). Homo Aestheticus: Where Art Comes From and Why. Free Press.
5. Gardner, H. (1983). Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences. Basic Books.
6. Read, H. (1956). A Concise History of Modern Painting. Thames and Hudson.
7. Tolstoy, L. (1898). What Is Art? Oxford University Press.

Art Quiz

Welcome to the Art Quiz!

What is art?

A form of creative expression
A type of food
A planet in our solar system

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